Tuesday, 2 May 2017


 For over 5 decades of oil exploration, production and export by several international oil companies in partnership with the Federal Government of Nigeria, it is obvious that the relationships between the IOCs, the Federal Government, oil-producing communities and other relevant stakeholders have never being cordial, and may never be anytime soon, and hence the continuous crisis in the oil-rich Niger Delta. At the heart of the crisis is the challenge of bringing together the various relevant stakeholders in the region together in order to address the lingering problems amicably.

Why is it difficult to bring the relevant stakeholders in the Niger Delta together? The simple reason is because of the poor stakeholder engagement approach being adopted and used by the government and IOCs. According to the International Council on Mining and Metal (2005: p116), this poor stakeholder engagement approach takes the following form and practice:

  1. Poorly conducted analysis that does not capture relevant interest groups.
  2. No stakeholder engagement strategy, plan and activities.
  3. Stakeholders ignored and requests denied.
  4. Stakeholder engagement consists of a one-time set of public meetings with local leaders who do not represent the true interests of local communities.
  5. A process that is only responsive (passive), i.e. a company engages only when there is a problem, such as a community protest, negative press or NGO pressures.
  6. An ad hoc approach.
  7. Engagement with communities is conducted on the company’s premises.

Until a good stakeholder engagement approach is adopted and put to use, the crisis may continue.

What is then a good stakeholder engagement approach? A good stakeholder engagement approach includes relevant stakeholder identification and analysis, information disclosure, stakeholder consultation, negotiations and partnerships, grievance management, stakeholder involvement in project monitoring, reporting to stakeholders and management functions (ICMM, 2005: p116). This takes the following form and practice:
  1. Stakeholder engagement throughout the whole project cycle.
  2. Stakeholder engagement is integrated into core business activities (HR, procurement, security).
  3. Senior management is involved in stakeholder activities.
  4. There is a system in place that measures effectiveness of building constructive corporate–community relations and relationships with other relevant stakeholders.
  5. Local communities are seen as partners.
  6. Stakeholders can call the meetings and there is a procedure for this, jointly established between a company and relevant stakeholders.
  7. Negotiations with communities are conducted in good faith.
  8. Communities give feedback about programs that are being implemented and their feedback is incorporated into project design.
  9. Vulnerable groups are included in engagement activities in a distinct manner.
  10. In cases where local communities lack experience in organizing themselves and/or in public consultation processes, the company facilitates capacity-building activities.
  11. The company ensures that local benefits are understood by local stakeholders.
  12. Expectations are effectively managed and the company is very clear about who loses and who wins.
  13. There are programs targeting “have-nots”, people who do not benefit from the project, that help create opportunities for them.
The adoption and usage of the above form and practice of a good stakeholder engagement by the Federal Government and oil-producing companies in the oil-rich Niger Delta will bring together all relevant stakeholders in the Niger Delta region which will eventually lead to a permanent resolution of all issues fueling the crisis in the region.

I think this is one of the right steps to putting an end to the incessant conflicts in the oil-resourced Niger Delta rather than outlining and announcing a national agenda devoid of any inputs from the oil-producing communities, people and relevant stakeholders in the region.

ICMM, 2005. “Community Development Toolkit.”

Monday, 24 April 2017


The presence of militant groups and their attacks on oil installations in the oil-rich Niger Delta has been a major source of concern to the Federal Government of Nigeria. This has affected the planned volume of 2.2 million barrels of crude oil production per day and hence a fall in government oil revenue. With the reduction in crude oil production and a fall in the prices of crude oil globally, it is obvious that the 2016 budget may not be fully implemented due to the resultant fall in government revenue. 

Being a major source of earnings, contributing over 90% to government revenue, crude oil has become a mainstay of the Nigerian economy. Therefore, any unrest due to militancy and other form of agitations in the oil-producing Niger Delta region usually threatens the health of the country’s economy.

In trying to find lasting solutions to the activities of militant groups in the oil-rich Niger Delta, the Federal Government, through the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, has disclosed a new plan that could bring to an end militancy and asset vandalism in the region.

In a podcast speech captioned, “Oil Sector Militancy Challenges…Roadmap to Closure,” the Minister, Dr. Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu had disclosed “a 20-point Agenda” which was aimed at establishing permanent peace in the Niger Delta, the country’s oil-producing region, which has experienced a surge in militancy leading to disruption of oil exploration, production and export in the past one year. The 20-point agenda of the Federal Government include the following:

Agenda #1: Engagements in Town Hall Meetings with the communities and state apparatus involving the state governments, the military and the oil companies. The government has begun the process of engaging the community.

Agenda #2: Inter-Agency Collaboration with the Ministries of Petroleum and Niger Delta, amnesty group and the NDDC in finding solutions that will address the concerns of the people.

Agenda #3: Introduction of a Ring-Fenced State Approach. The militant’s agitations will no longer be treated as national issues. A state-by-state approach to ending militancy would be adopted on the ground that each state in the region appeared to have peculiar challenges that prompted militancy in the states. Each state must develop measures and solutions which will create opportunities to manage the oil sector. The communities will be educated on how not to allow criminal elements from other parts of the Delta to foment troubles.

Agenda #4: Security Holding Hand Approach: The government will have a Security Hold Hands which entails that the Ministry of Petroleum will work with the security agencies because they are the only ones that guarantee peace in the Delta. The aim is to strengthen security in the region through the collaboration of all relevant security agencies.

Agenda #5: Peace and Investment Initiatives on State Basis. Each state would be encouraged to pursue peace in exchange for improved investment.

Agenda #6: Core Business Investment Focus which will include modular refineries, plants and core refineries. Modular refinery will be in each of the states to create employment, gas investment plants, once there is job, militancy will cease. This will create economic opportunities for inhabitants of the region to have decent livelihoods for themselves and their families. It is expected that the setting up of cottage industries and business startups in the region will encourage violent agitators to shun militancy and engage in business activities that will earn them good incomes.

Agenda #7: The creation of 100,000 jobs across each of the oil-producing states over the next five years which will take a public and private approach. This will be followed by the decentralization of the Amnesty Programme due to lack of funds resulting from dwindling oil revenue.

Agenda #8: Investment on Gas-to-Power projects for steady power supply in the Niger Delta region. Stranded gas in the Delta will be distributed to generate power and take these states from the national grid for development and peace.

Agenda #9:  Incentives for Peace Scheme which will drive international investment where there will be export oil and gas park, but peace must be guaranteed for the purpose to be actualized.

Agenda #10: Massive Revamping of oil and gas Infrastructures in the Niger Delta. The gas pipelines and distribution networks are old with malfunctioned depots hence there will be infrastructural revamp.
Schools, hospitals and skills centre will also be revamped. Specialist schools and hospitals will be established per state. This will pull militants out of militancy and be rehabilitated and plan for their future.

Agenda #11: Clean up of the environment that has been ravaged by oil spillage and destruction of aquatic lives. This has made the people to be helpless and find it difficult to live a conducive life, hence resorting to agitation with the government. Besides, President Mohammadu Buhari has launched the Ogoni clean-up campaign in Rivers State. The clean-up process will involve other places in the Niger Delta through the Ministry of Environment such that every state has a programme of clean-up with oil companies that are operating there. The clean-up will enhance better environment which will make the people to focus on agriculture.

Agenda #12: Domestication of Oil and Gas Business Opportunities. This will encourage greater participation of the people of the oil-producing region without the exclusion of other Nigerians. Kachikwu stressed further that it is saddened for people who produce resources and not have access to those resource opportunities which the militants have advocated for that resource control should be left in the hands of the region. As the government focuses on marginal field grants and refinery revamps, it will be concentrating on a lot of opportunities for Niger Delta to participate.

Agenda #13: Niger Delta Development Fund (NDDF) Initiatives. Niger Delta pays a big price for producing oil in Nigeria. Foreign investors are needed to work with Federal Government to create a fund initiative to address long-term and cross-state investments for development. The same terms will be used for the northern part of the country.

Agenda #14: The Search for crude in Lake Chad and the Benue Trough. A successful discovery, exploration and production of crude oil in the Lake Chad and Benue Trough is expected to put an end to militancy in the Niger Delta region.

Agenda #15: Militancy-to-Education Initiative (MET) programmes to take the militants back to school with incentives like Federal Government free feeding and scholarship. The Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) will expand scholarship programme to schools and this will be enhanced by oil companies. Encouraging education programmes in the Niger Delta is expected to make the people embrace education and shun militancy.

Agenda #16: State Amnesty Programme will not be easy for continuous funding due to huge financial implication but the government will use the opportunity to create jobs for the militants.

Agenda #17:  The PANDEF Youth Wing which has been used to mobilize key players into an organized platform which will dissuade the youths from militancy.

Agenda #18: Federal Government Partnership with State to create concept and businesses with states has to be supported.

Agenda #19: Security and Peace. Ensuring justice for all the stakeholders in the region would be the major plank of the agenda. A due process of justice would be followed to address grievances by any individual and groups. This will discourage aggrieved persons and groups from taking laws into their hands in seeking justice.

Agenda #20: Policing for Peace to strengthen the security apparatus. The obligation of the government is peace and continuous pattern of militants holding the government to ransom will stop.

The 20-point agenda, though briefly mentioned, may not achieve any meaningful impact due to the fact that it appeared to be a top-down measure which lacks inputs from the oil-producing communities and people themselves. The issue of militancy in the oil-rich Niger Delta region is deeply rooted in the communities and can only be addressed with the help of the communities. Only duly collaborative and participatory measures/solutions will eliminate or minimize militancy in the region. And it is unfortunate that only few of the 20-point agenda seem to address the core need of the oil communities and people, which is the dire need of Sustainable Community Development.

This is likely another failed attempt by the Federal Government to answer the Niger Delta Question.

Source: The above 20-point Agenda was curated from the transcripts of the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources’ podcast published online by the Pressreader at www.pressreader.com and the Oil and Gas Publications at www.nigeriaoilgas.com.ng on February 19 and 24, respectively.

Monday, 30 January 2017


What thoughts went into the design and manufacturing of the 1889 Horsey Horseless car? Compares to the sleek design and sophistication of today’s cars, you would agree with me and many others that the inventor of the 1889 Horsey Horseless car was not thinking about the future when he invented the car.
The inventor, Uriah Smith of Battle Creek, Michigan wanted a car with a resemblance of a horse drawn carriage. And he created the 1889 Horsey Horseless car. It was obvious that he was not thinking very far into the future. His imagination was limited by what was prevalent in his days - horse drawn carriages - and he wanted to improve on it, perhaps.
According to a news report on www.carophile.org titled “56 of the Worst Cars of All Time”, the 1889 Horsey Horseless car was seemingly rated number one and was called a “buggy.”
What do you think about the 1889 Horsey Horseless? Do you acknowledge the fact that Uriah Smith was indeed an inventor? If a new and improved model of the Horsey Horseless car is designed and manufactured today, would you like to own and drive one of it?

Tuesday, 30 August 2016


Network marketing is truly a business with very huge potentials for big earnings. And earning big bucks means an opportunity to buy classic and luxurious wears ranging from cars, houses, clothes, bags, shoes, jeweleries, books, etc. These and many other material stuffs make life exciting and interesting for all successful network marketers, and attract more prospects into their network. People love to see results.

Since we get our monies from hard and smart work such as prospecting, training, recruiting and registration of prospects, and we travel most of the time to do all of these things, it is wise for us to spend our income on high quality and relatively inexpensive stuff in order to show to the world that network marketing truly pays.

Buying online offers a variety of options in terms of choices and prices of items we may want to spend our earnings on. For those of us in Nigeria, we can buy better, faster, reliably and cheaper from AliExpress.com. The items here are unique; the qualities are great; and the prices are relatively cheap. You can shop easily with the use of any internet-enabled devices such as your personal computer, laptop, ipad, tablets and smartphones, etc. And you can do all of your shopping from the comfort of your room at any given hour of the day. The process is very simple, and your means of payment are secure.

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I can't wait to see "HOW YOU LOOK" this season.

Thursday, 17 March 2016


Wars grows out of the desire of the individual to gain advantage at the expense of his fellow men, and the smoldering embers of this desire are fanned into flame through the grouping of these individuals who place the interests of the group above those of other groups. 

War cannot be stopped suddenly!

It can be eliminated only by education, through the aid of the principle of subordination of the individual interests to the broader interests of the human race as a whole.

Man’s tendencies and activities, as we have already stated, grow out of two great forces. One is physical heredity, and the other is social heredity. Through physical heredity, man inherits those early tendencies to destroy his fellow man out of self-protection. This practice is a holdover from the age when the struggle for existence was so great that only the physically strong could survive.

Gradually men began to learn that the individual could survive under more favourable circumstances by allying himself with others, and out of that discovery grew our modern society, through which groups of people have formed states, and these groups, in turn, have formed nations. There is but little tendency toward warfare between the individuals of a particular group or nation, for they have learned, through the principle of social heredity, that they can best survive by subordinating the interest of the individual to that of the group.

Now, the problem is to extend this principle of grouping so that the nations of the world will subordinate their individual interests to those of the human race as a whole.

This can be brought about only through the principle of social heredity. By forcing upon the minds of the young of all races the fact that war is horrible and does not serve either the interest of the individual engaging in it or the group to which the individual belongs.

The question then arises, “How can this be done?” Before we answer this question, let us again define the term “social heredity” and find out what its possibilities are.

Social heredity is the principle through which the young of the race absorb from their environment, and particularly from their earlier training by parents, teachers and religious leaders, the beliefs and tendencies of the adults who dominate them.

Any plan to abolish war, to be successful, depends upon the successful co-ordination of effort between all the churches and schools of the world for the avowed purpose of so fertilizing the minds of the young with the idea of abolishing war that the very word “war” will strike terror in their hearts.


The next question that arises, “How can the churches and schools of the world be organized with this high ideals as an objective?” The answer is that not all of them can be induced to enter into such an alliance, at one time; but a sufficient number of the more influential ones can be induced, and this, in time, will lead or force the remainder into the alliance, as rapidly as public opinion begins to demand it.

Then comes the question, “Who has sufficient influence to call a conference of the most powerful religious and educational leaders?” The answer is:

The President and Congress of the United States.

Such an undertaking would command the support of the press on a scale heretofore unheard of, and through this source alone the propaganda would begin to reach and fertilize the minds of the people in every civilized country in the world, in preparation for the adoption of the plan in the churches and schools throughout the world.

The plan for the abolition of war might be likened to a great dramatic play, with these as the chief factors:

STAGE SETTING: At the Capitol of the United States.
STAR ACTORS: The President and members of Congress.
MINOR ACTORS: The leading clergymen of all denominations, and leading educators, all on the stage by invitation and at the expense of the United States government.
PRESS ROOM: Representatives of the news-gathering agencies of the world.
STAGE EQUIPMENT: A radio broadcasting outfit that would distribute the entire proceedings half-way round the earth.
TITLE OF THE PLAY: “Thou shalt not kill!”
OBJECT OF THE PLAY: The creation of a World Court, to be made up of representatives of all races, whose duty it would be to hear evidence and adjudicate the cases arising out of disagreement between nations.

Other factors would enter into this great world drama, but they would be of minor importance. The main issues and the most essential factors are here enumerated.
One other question remains, “Who will start the machinery of the United States government into action to call this conference?” and the answer is:

Public opinion, through the aid of an able organizer and leader, who will organize and direct the efforts of a Golden Rule society, the object of which will be to move the President and Congress into action.

No League of Nations and no mere agreement between nations can abolish war as long as there is the slightest evidence of sanction of war in the hearts of the people. Universal peace between nations will grow out of a movement that will be begun and carried on, at first, by a comparatively small number of thinkers. Gradually this number will grow until it will be composed of the leading educators, clergymen and publicists of the world, and these, in turn, will so deeply and permanently establish peace as a world ideal that it will become a reality.

This desirable end may be attained in a single generation under the right sort of leadership; but more likely, it will not be attained for many generations to come, for the reason that those who have the ability to assume this leadership are too busy in their pursuit of worldly wealth to make the necessary sacrifice for the good of generations yet unborn.

War can be eliminated, not by appeal to reason, but by appeal to the emotional side of humanity. This appeal must be made by organizing and highly emotionalizing the people of the different nations of the world in support of a universal plan for peace, and this plan must be forced upon the minds of the oncoming generations with the same diligent care that we now force upon the minds of our young the ideal of our respective religions.

It is not stating the possibilities too strongly to say that the churches of the world could establish universal peace as an international ideal within one generation if they would but direct toward that end one-half of the effort which they now employ in opposing one another.

We would still be within the bounds of conservatism if we stated that the Christian churches, alone, have sufficient influence to establish universal peace as a world-wide ideal, within three generations, if the various sects would combine their forces for the purpose.

That which the leading churches of all religions, the leading schools and the public press of the world could accomplish in forcing the ideal of universal peace upon both the adult and the child mind of the world within a single generation, staggers the imagination.

If the organized religions of the world, as they now exist, will not subordinate their individual interests and purposes to that of establishing universal peace, then the remedy lies in establishing a universal church of the world that will function through the races and whose creed will be based entirely upon the one purpose of implanting in the minds of the young the ideal of world-wide peace.

Such a church would gradually attract a following from the rank and file of all other churches.

And if the educational institutions of the world will not co-operate in fostering this high ideal of universal peace, then the remedy lies in the creation of an entirely new educational system that will implant in the mind of the young the ideal of universal peace.

And if the public press of the world will not co-operate in setting up the ideal of universal peace, then the remedy lies in the creation of an independent press that will utilize both the printed page and the forces of the air for the purpose of creating mass support of this high ideal.

In brief, if the present organized forces of the world will not lend their support to establishing universal peace, as an international ideal, then new organizations must be created which will do so.

The majority of the people of the world want peace, wherein lies the possibility of its attainment!

At first thought, it seems too much to expect that the organized churches of the world can be induced to pool their power and subordinate their individual interests to those of civilization as a whole.

But this seemingly insurmountable obstacle is, in reality, no obstacle at all, for the reason that whatever support this plan borrows from the churches it gives back to them, a thousandfold, through the increased power the church attains.

Let us see just what advantages the church realizes by participation in this plan to establish universal peace as a world ideal. First of all, it will be clearly seen that no individual church loses any of its advantages by allying itself with other denominations in establishing this world ideal. The alliance in no way changes or interferes with the creed of any church. Every church entering the alliance will come out of it with all the power and advantages that it possessed before it went in, plus the additional advantage of greater influence which the church, as a whole, will enjoy by reason of having served as the leading factor in forcing upon civilization the greatest single benefit it has enjoyed in the history of the world.

If the church gained no other advantages from the alliance, this one would be sufficient to compensate it. But the important advantage that the church will have gained by this alliance is the discovery that it has sufficient power to force its ideals upon the world when it places its combined support back of the undertaking.

By this alliance the church will have grasped the far-reaching significance of the principle of organized effort through the aid of which it might easily have dominated the world and imposed its ideals upon civilization.

The church is by far the greatest potential power in the world today, but its power is merely potential and will remain so until it makes use of the principle of allied or organized effort; that is to say, until all denominations formulate a working agreement under which the combined strength of organized religion will be used as a means of forcing a higher ideal upon the minds of the young.

The reason that the church is the greatest potential power in the world is the fact that its power grows out of man’s emotions. Emotion rules the world, and the church is the only organization which rests solely upon the power of emotion. The church is the only factor of society which has the power to harness and direct the emotional forces of civilization, for the reason that the emotions are controlled by FAITH and not by reason! And the church is the only great organized body in which faith of the world is centered.

The church stands today as so many disconnected units of power, and it is not overstating the possibilities to say that when these units shall have been connected, through allied effort, the combined power of that alliance will rule the world and there is no opposing power on earth that can defeat it!

It is in no discouraging spirit that this statement is followed by another which may seem still more radical; namely:

The task of bringing about this alliance of the churches in support of the world ideal of universal peace must rest upon the female members of the church, for the reason that the abolition of war promises advantages that may be prolonged into the future and that may accrue only to the unborn generations.

In Schopenhauer’s bitter arraignment of woman, he unconsciously stated a truth upon which the hope of civilization rests, when he declared that the race is always to her more than the individual. In terms that uncompromising, Schopenhauer charges woman with being the natural enemy of man because of this inborn trait of placing the interests of the race above those of the individual.

It seems a reasonable prophecy to suggest that civilization passed into a new era, beginning with the world war, in which woman is destined to take into her own hands the raising of the ethical standards of the world. This is a hopeful sign, because it is woman’s nature to implant, in the mind of the young, ideals that will accrue to the benefit of generations yet unborn, while man is motivated generally by expediency of the present.

In Schopenhauer’s vicious attack upon woman, he has stated a great truth concerning her nature: a truth which might well be utilized by all who engage in the worthy work of establishing universal peace as a world ideal.

The women’s clubs of the world are destined to play a part in world affairs other than that of gaining suffrage for women.


Those who do not want peace are the ones who profit by war. In numbers, this class constitutes but a fragment of the power of the world, and could be swept aside as though it did not exist, if the multitude who do not want war were organized with the high ideal of universal peace as their objective.

In closing, it seems appropriate to apologize for the unfinished state of this essay, but it may be pardonable to suggest that the bricks and the mortar, and the foundation stones, and all the other necessary materials for the construction of the temple of universal peace have been here assembled, where they might be re-arrange and transformed into this high ideal as a world reality.

This is an extract and essay written by Napoleon Hill in his book “Laws of Success: Lesson Fourteen – Tolerance.”